Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics

Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics

National Institute of Locomotor Disabilities (Divyangjan) formerly knows as NIOH under the leadership of former Director Prof. Ashok Senguta initiated the Department of Bio-engineering in the year 1980 to enables the Person with Disability or functional impairment to remain active, productive and independent, participate in society, and lead a healthy and dignified life. In the beginning, the department conducted 2 and ½ years Diploma program on Prosthetic and Orthotic Engineering affiliated to Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI), New Delhi. Subsequently, since 1995, the Department   conducts Degree program in Prosthetics and orthotics approved by RCI under affiliation of Calcutta University then West Bengal University of Health Science, Government of West Bengal.
WHO, in partnership with the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics (ISPO) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), has published global standards for prosthetics and orthotics with an objective is to ensure that prosthetics and orthotics services are people-centred and responsive to every individual’s personal and environmental needs. The standards advocate for the integration of prosthetics and orthotics services into health services, under universal health coverage. Implementation of these standards will help to fulfil their obligations under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and towards the Sustainable Development Goals, in particular. Being a signatory, India committed to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
Prosthetics and Orthotics are established disciplines in the field of health science and are often practiced together as they have many commonalities from clinical, technical, and therapy perspectives. Prosthetics and Orthotics is the horizon of modern treatment and rehabilitative modality that deals with the orthopaedic and neuromuscular disorders and insufficiencies including congenital loses and accidental or traumatic amputations. It returns the PwDs and other individual who needs these devices, from his own world of darkness of sufferings to the real world as an able individual capable to serve the society and thus re achieve the dignity, esteem and self-sufficiency. It enables the individual, once again, to view the world as it is. The person watches the birds that fly by, feels the gentle bridge that flows without concentrating only on the step ahead and the pains. A good quality orthosis or prosthesis, when appropriate to the person and their environment, has a significant impact on the level of person’s independence and reduces the need for formal support services.

Prosthetics implies the science dealing with artificial replacement of lost body part either congenitally or due to amputation which includes total limbs, figures, partial hand, partial foot, eyes, nose, ear, breast, etc.

Orthotics implies the science dealing with mechanical correction of orthopaedic deformities, realignment, redirection of lines of force action in the body, support of weak parts, prevention of unwanted movement, relieving weight born by certain body parts, etc.

The discipline of Prosthetics and Orthotics is indispensable in the field of modern treatment without which the total rehabilitation of the orthopaedically handicapped individuals is incomplete.
. To develop manpower in the field of rehabilitation by undertaking long term program of 4 ½ years BPO course and 2 years MPO course and short term courses for qualified professionals and other health and rehabilitation personels.
. Evaluate, assess, plan and execute prosthetic and orthotic treatment to patients attending the department.
. To offer education, training, work-adjustment and such other rehabilitation services as the society may deem fit to disabled persons with associated problems.
. To undertake Research and Developmental activities.
. To organize camps to serve the patients living in the interior part of the country.
. Providing cosmetic restorative prostheses.
1. Academic activity
2. Clinical Services
3. Outreach Services
1. Academic Activity :
Academic Activity
Long-term courses:
• Bachelors degree course in Prosthetics & Orhtotics (BPO) of 4 ½ years duration with intake capacity of 28 candidates. The minimum educational qualification for the entry is 50% marks at 10+2 level with Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Mathematics. This course is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. And recognized by RCI, New Delhi.
• Masters degree course in Prosthetics & Orthotics (MPO) of 2 years duration. The minimum educational qualification for the entry is 50% marks at BPO. This course is affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
• Apart from classroom lectures, clinical and practical demonstrations, regular seminars, case presentations, journal discussions, etc. are also arranged for BPO students, interns & MPO students. Final year B.P.O. Students are compulsorily required to carry out a Project Work which institutes them to invent an innovative prosthetic or orthotic design.

The students are also encouraged to bring their projects forward at various conferences and seminars.

Students after completing their BPO course are successfully placed in different hospitals / Institutes / Rehabilitation centers / NGO within the country, multinational companies who are catering rehabilitation services in India and abroad.
Admission Procedure:
Admissions are held through a national level entrance test for BPO and MPO. The Admission Notice usually published in the leading Newspapers or Employment News in the month of May-June every year. The session usually starts from July-August. Detailed information may be obtained from the Institute.
Short term courses:
Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics conducts short orientation courses (CRE) for qualified Prosthetic & Orthotic professionals of the country producing further up gradations.
Higher Studies :
After the completion of post graduation option of Ph.D. is also available in India & abroad.
Job of a Prosthetist and Orthotist:
Prosthetist and Orthotist are those who are qualified at the professional level after the completion of recognized of bachelor degree course (4 years) which is recognized by Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI). Prosthetist and Orthotist deal with Locomotor disabled patient like post polio residual paralysis (PPRP), hemiplegia, paraplegia, tetraplegia, fracture, spinal disorder, neck fracture, C.T.E.V., all types of foot deformities, arthritis, congenital anomalies, amputees etc. To provide the Prosthetics and Orthotics devices according to the patient need as mentioned above. It is also the responsibility of Prosthetist and Orthotist to trained the patient to make them independent in the society. So, that PwLDs will be no more dependent rather can serve the society in better way.
2. Prosthetic and Orthotic Services:
The Department of Prosthetics and Orthotics renders services to Out Door and indoor patients. Qualified Professional are responsible for the treatment and fitment of the patient. It includes:
  • Assessment
  • Evaluation and Planning
  • Fabrication
  • Trial and Patient Training
  • Final finishing
  • Follow up
  Prosthetic and Orthotic Services
3. Outreach Services
The Outreach section conducts camps in the interior parts of the country to provide aids and appliances to the Persons with Disability of the society who are unable to come to the Institute get their required appliances. These activities are meant for better rehabilitative service in the field of P&O right among the Indian mass.
Facilities/ Lab Infrastructure
1. Prosthetic Lab
2. Orthotic Lab

3. Biomechanics & Gait Lab
4. Electronic , EMG and Myo Lab
5. Computer Lab/E-Class Room
6. Foot Wear Unit
7. P&O Clinic
8. Silicon Lab
1. Prosthetic Lab
The Prosthetic Lab is equipped with modern Machineries & Equipment.
2. Orthotic Lab
3. Foot Wear Unit
The shoe manufactring & modifications, padding of P&O items and other modifications related to P&O items are made in this unit.
4. P&O Clinc
The P&O assessment and Job allocation unit.
5. Practical Workshop
Well equipped workshop with all modern tools, equipments, machineries including proper arrangement for patients assessment/examination for the both UG and PG students in terms of to meet the International standard.
Regular Full time Core Teaching Staffs :
1. Dr. P.K. Lenka Assistant Professor(P&O), HOD
2. Mr. S Bhattacharya Demonstrator
3. Mrs. R Dutta Demonstrator
4. Mr. A Patra Demonstrator
5. Mr. S. Samanta Jr. Prosthetist
6. Mr. M. Samanta Jr. Orthotist
7. Mr. P.K Bhattacharya Instructor
Contractual Staffs :
1. Mr. Abhishek Tripathi Lecture, Prosthetics
2. Mr. Dhruti S. Dash Lecture, Orthotics
3. Ms. Poly Ghosh Manager Workshop
4. Mr. Tanmay Pany Demonstrator
5. Mr. Arif Rehan Jr. Prosthetist
6. Ms. Rasmita Dash Clinical Tutor
7. Mr. Harsh Clinical Tutor
Note: Website is under process of Revision, detail information will be updated soon